Artificial Intelligence

“Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last, unless we learn how to avoid the risks.”

Stephen Hawking, Famous Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist, and Author.


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer sciences that emphasizes the development of intelligence machines, thinking and working like humans. For example, speech recognition, problem-solving, learning and planning.

Why is it important?

  • AI adds intelligence to existing products. In most cases, AI will not be sold as an individual application. Rather, products you already use will be improved with AI capabilities, much like Siri was added as a feature to a new generation of Apple products.
  • It automates repetitive learning and discovery through data.
  • AI adapts through progressive learning algorithms to let the data do the programming. AI finds structure and regularities in data so that the algorithm acquires a skill: The algorithm becomes a classifier or a predictor. So, just as the algorithm can teach itself how to play chess, it can teach itself what product to recommend next online.
  • AI analyzes more and deeper data using neural networks that have many hidden layers. Building a fraud detection system with five hidden layers was almost impossible a few years ago. All that has changed with incredible computer power and big data. You need lots of data to train deep learning models because they learn directly from the data. The more data you can feed them, the more accurate they become.


1. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.

2) The missing human component may be found by emulating the human brain. Daniel Kahneman’s book Thinking, fast and slow builds on the widely accepted dual-process theory to explain the processes of human thinking: System 1 is fast, automatic and unconscious, while System 2 is slow, deliberate and conscious. With both of these systems programmed into an AI, the next generation could reach a completely new level of intelligence.



Shreya Rai – Grade XII

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